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Dysmenorrhea in Teens

What is it?

It is a crampy lower abdominal pain that occurs during menses when there is no other pelvic disease present.


What symptoms are associated with it?

Symptoms that may accompany the cramping are nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, back pain and headache. They start with the onset of menstruation and last 1-3 days.


What are the effects of this condition?

Teens may miss school, sporting events or social activities due to their symptoms.


What causes it?

It is due to an increased release of prostaglandins (a chemical produced in the body) from the uterus that leads to increased uterine contractions. The effect of these chemicals on the gi tract leads to some of the associated symptoms.

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